Oct 13, 2009

Brief History of Computer

Tracking back the history of Computer is one lot of pain in the head but no one can imagine how useful it is today.

Now showing you a brief history of how computer started…

The development of modern computer nowadays is the product of human knowledge and the will to improve to their environment. The first concept of computer is the invention of the ABACUS. It is a counting machine invented by the Chinese. It is used in Asia for performing arithmetic processes and it is constructed as a bamboo frame with beads sliding on wires.

Next is, we move to the inventions of the computer in 20th Century where we can see a computer model composed of hardware and software parts. In 1936, Konrad Zuse invented the Z1 computer, the first freely programmable computer and in 1942, the invention of the first ABC Computer arises. It was invented by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. In 1944, another computer was invented by Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper which is called the Harvard Mark 1 computer. It was the first automatic digital computer in the USA and was considered the first universal calculator. Then in 1946, John Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly invented the ENIAC 1 computer. It was the first general-purpose electronic computer that is capable of being reprogrammed to solve computing problems.

Let’s move now to 1950’s. In 1951, John Presper Eckert and John Mauchly invented the UNIVAC computer which is the first commercial computer and able to pick presidential winners. In 1953, IBM enters into the history of computers. The International Business Machines invented the IBM 701 EDPM computer. And in 1954, the first successful high level programming language, FORTRAN computer programming language, was created by John Backus and IBM.

Moving a decade, in 1962 the first computer game was invented named Spacewar computer game which was created by Steve Russell and MIT. In 1964, Douglas Engelbert invented the Computer Mouse and Windows. He named it Mouse because the tail came out at the end. And in 1969 the original internet, ARPAnet, was created.

These are the overviews how computer started and evolved into a more advance and sophisticated nowadays. But human knowledge has no limitations, thus there is more to come than we ever imagined.